|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]龙妍西,汪济凤.860 例凿岩工人尘肺结核患病情况分析[J].传染病信息,2019,02:136-138.
 LONG Yan-xi,WANG Ji-feng*.Prevalence of pneumoconiosis complicated with tuberculosis in 860 drilling workers[J].Infectious Disease Information,2019,02:136-138.
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860 例凿岩工人尘肺结核患病情况分析(PDF)

《传染病信息》[ISSN:1007-8134/CN:11-3886/R]

期数:
2019年02期
页码:
136-138
栏目:
论 著
出版日期:
2019-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Prevalence of pneumoconiosis complicated with tuberculosis in 860 drilling workers
文章编号:
1007-8134(2019)02-0136-03
作者:
龙妍西汪济凤
615000,凉山彝族自治州疾病预防控制中心预防医
Author(s):
LONG Yan-xi WANG Ji-feng*
Preventive Medicine Clinic, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 615000, China
关键词:
尘肺肺结核尘肺结核凿岩工人
Keywords:
pneumoconiosis tuberculosis pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis drilling workers
分类号:
R183.3;R135.2
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1007-8134.2019.02.009
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的 分析凿岩工人尘肺结核患病情况,为尘肺结核的预防提供科学依据。 方法 回顾性分析2012—2016 年 凉山彝族自治州疾病预防控制中心860 例凿岩工人体检档案资料,筛出体检诊断为尘肺、肺结核、尘肺结核的病例,并对 影像资料进行重新读片诊断。结果 共筛查出异常影像病历资料284 例,其中尘肺132 例,肺结核80 例,尘肺结核67 例, 其他异常5 例,尘肺结核的合并率为33.67%;随着年龄/ 接尘工龄的增长,尘肺结核合并率逐渐升高,不同年龄/ 接尘工龄 组间差异有统计学意义(P < 0.05);尘肺病例主要集中在Ⅰ期,随着尘肺病的进展,尘肺结核合并率逐渐升高,且不同期 别间差异有统计学意义(P < 0.05)。结论 尘肺结核对凿岩工人的危害较为严重,尘肺患者是肺结核的易感人群,企业应 该继续改善作业环境,并按时组织工人职业健康体检,对疾病早发现、早治疗,维护工人的健康权益。
Abstract:
Objective To analyze the prevalence of tuberculosis in drilling workers suffering from pneumoconiosis and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention. Methods  The physical examination records of 860 drilling workers collected by the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture Center for Disease Control and Prevention from 2012 to 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Then, those cases suffering from pneumoconiosis, tuberculosis, pneumoconiosis complicated with tuberculosis were screened and re-diagnosed by film reading their imaging. Results A total of 284 cases of abnormal imaging were found, including 132 cases of pneumoconiosis, 80 cases of tuberculosis, 67 cases of pneumoconiosis complicated with tuberculosis, and 5 cases with other abnormalities. The prevalence of pneumoconiosis complicated with tuberculosis was 33.67%; and gradually increased along with worker’s age and their working age, and there were significant differences between different worker’s age and working age groups (P < 0.05). Pneumoconiosis cases were predominantly observed at I stage of the disease. With the developing of pneumoconiosis, the incidence of pneumoconiosis complicated with tuberculosis also increased, and the difference was statistically significant between different stage groups (P < 0.05). Conclusions The pneumoconiosis complicated with tuberculosis seriously affects the health of drilling workers. The patients with pneumoconiosis are susceptible to tuberculosis. Enterprises should continue to improve the working environment, organize occupational health examinations of workers on time, follow the principle of early detection and early treatment against this diseases, and safeguard workers’ health rights.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
[ 基金项目] 四川省卫生健康委员会课题资助项目(18JD10148 )
[ 通信作者] 汪济凤,E-mail: jidiuzi4@163.com
*Corresponding author, E-mail: jidiuzi4@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-05-15