|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]廖如珺,刘润友,杨长虹.四川省2009—2018 年猩红热流行病学分析[J].传染病信息,2019,04:322-324+328.
 LIAO Ru-jun,LIU Run-you,YANG Chang-hong*.Epidemiological analysis of scarlet fever in Sichuan Province from 2009 to 2018[J].Infectious Disease Information,2019,04:322-324+328.
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四川省2009—2018 年猩红热流行病学分析(PDF)

《传染病信息》[ISSN:1007-8134/CN:11-3886/R]

期数:
2019年04期
页码:
322-324+328
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2019-09-12

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological analysis of scarlet fever in Sichuan Province from 2009 to 2018
文章编号:
 1007-8134(2019)04-0322-04
作者:
廖如珺刘润友杨长虹
610041 成都,四川省疾病预防控制中心信息所(杨长虹),编辑部(廖如珺),疫情科(刘润友)
Author(s):
LIAO Ru-jun LIU Run-you YANG Chang-hong*
Editorial Office, Institute of Health Information, Sichuan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu 610041, China
*Corresponding author, E-mail: changhong_yang@163.com
关键词:
 猩红热 流行病学疫情分析四川省
Keywords:
 scarlet fever epidemiology epidemic analysis Sichuan Province
分类号:
 R515.1;R181.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1007-8134.2019.04.008
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
 目的 了解四川省2009—2018 年猩红热流行特征,为制定针对性的防控策略提供参考。方法 从中国疾病预 防控制信息系统的传染病报告信息管理系统导出四川省2009—2018 年的猩红热发病资料,对疾病流行的三间分布进行描述, 利用ArcMap 的空间插值技术对2009—2018 年四川省基于县/ 区的报告发病率绘制发病分布趋势图。结果 2009—2018 年 四川省猩红热累计报告病例数共21 055 例,发病率整体呈上升趋势,但涨幅不明显;春季(4 至7 月)和冬季(10 月至次 年1 月)为发病高峰。病例中男女性别比为1.53∶1,其发病率相比,差异有统计学意义(P < 0.05);发病年龄主要集中 在3 ~ 8 岁(77.69%);职业分布中,猩红热发病以幼托儿童(42.21%)、学生(38.44%)和散居儿童(17.94%)为主;在 地区分布方面,猩红热发病率呈由西北向东南的递增趋势,报告发病数最高为成都市(29.46%),最低为雅安市(0.05%); 诊断类别中,以临床诊断病例为主(78.27%)。结论 2009—2018 年四川省猩红热疫情波动不显著,存在明显高峰季节、高 发人群和地区,须加强学校和幼托机构猩红热疫情监测和健康教育工作以及在重点地区的疾病防治宣传工作,以有效控制猩 红热的发生和蔓延。 
Abstract:
 Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of scarlet fever in Sichuan Province from 2009 to 2018, and provide reference for the formulation of targeted prevention and control strategies. Methods The prevalence data of scarlet fever from 2009 to 2018 in Sichuan Province were retrieved from National Notifiable Disease Information Reporting System of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention Information System, and the distributions (time, spatial, population) of this disease were described. ArcMap spatial interpolation technique was used for plotting the incidence distribution trend chart based on the reported incidence in districts and counties of Sichuan Province from 2009 to 2018. Results From 2009 to 2018, a total of 21 055 cases of scarlet fever have been reported in Sichuan Province. The incidence of scarlet fever was on the rise, but the increase was not obvious. The spring (from April to July) and winter (from October to January) were the peak period of the disease. The male-female sex ratio among the reported cases was 1.53∶1, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of men and women (P < 0.05). The age of onset was mainly 3-8 years (77.69%). The scarlet fever was occupationally prevalent in children in childcare (42.21%), students (38.44%) and children in diaspora (17.94%). As for the region, the incidence increased from northwest area to southeast area, with the highest reported incidence in Chengdu City (29.46%) and the lowest in Ya’an city (0.05%). Among the diagnostic categories, clinical diagnosis cases (78.27%) were dominant. Conclusions From 2009 to 2018, the epidemic fluctuation of scarlet fever in Sichuan Province is not significant, and there are obvious peak seasons, high risk groups and severe areas. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the epidemic surveillance and health education of scarlet fever in schools and childcare institutions, as well as the disease prevention and control publicity in key areas, so as to effectively control the occurrence and spread of scarlet fever.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:

[ 通信作者] 杨长虹,E-mail: changhong_yang@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-09-15