|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]吴艳梅,南海涛,铁云丽,等.陕西省居民传染病防治素养现状及影响因素分析[J].传染病信息,2019,05:407-410.
 WU Yan-mei*,NAN Hai-tao,TIE Yun-li,et al.Analysis of status and influencing factors of health literacy ofinfection disease prevention and control among residents in Shaanxi Province[J].Infectious Disease Information,2019,05:407-410.
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陕西省居民传染病防治素养现状及影响因素分析(PDF)

《传染病信息》[ISSN:1007-8134/CN:11-3886/R]

期数:
2019年05期
页码:
407-410
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2019-11-13

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis of status and influencing factors of health literacy ofinfection disease prevention and control among residents in Shaanxi Province
文章编号:
1007-8134(2019)05-0407-04
作者:
吴艳梅南海涛铁云丽郭 健
 710016 西安,陕西省卫生计生健康教育宣传中心(吴艳梅、南海涛、铁云丽、郭健)
Author(s):
WU Yan-mei* NAN Hai-tao TIE Yun-li GUO Jian
Shaanxi Education Center of Health and Family Planning, Xi’an 710016, China
关键词:
传染病防治健康素养影响因素
Keywords:
infection disease prevention and control health literacy influencing factors
分类号:
R193
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1007-8134.2019.05.006
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的了解陕西省城乡居民传染病防治素养现状,分析影响居民传染病防治素养的主要因素。方法采取分层多阶段整群随机抽样的方法,对陕西省 15~ 69岁常住居民进行问卷调查,数据进行标准化和影响因素分析。结果2017年陕西省居民整体传染病防治素养水平为 36.74%,其中城市居民为 45.77%,农村居民为 31.81%;男性居民为 39.88%,女性居民为 33.41%;15~ 24岁组传染病防治素养水平最高,为 47.27%,55~ 64岁组最低为 25.60%;随着文化程度的提高,传染病防治素养水平逐渐升高。多因素 Logistic回归分析结果显示:居住地、年龄、文化程度是居民传染病防治素养水平的主要影响因素。结论陕西省居民整体传染病防治素养仍处于较低水平,有待于进一步提升。建议针对其薄弱环节,加大对低素养人群健康教育政策的倾斜,有针对性地开展传染病防治宣教和干预。
Abstract:
ObjectiveTo learn the health literacy of infection disease prevention and control, and analyze its influencing factors among residents in Shaanxi Province. MethodsMulti-staged stratified cluster random sampling method was adopted for 5-stagesampling, and a questionnaire survey was performed among permanent residents aged 15-69 years in Shaanxi Province. The data were standardized and the influencing factors were analyzed. ResultsThe overall health literacy of infection disease prevention and control among permanent residents in Shaanxi Province was 36.74% in 2017. The health literacy of infection disease prevention and control was 45.77% among urban residents and 31.81% among rural residents. The health literacy of infection disease prevention and control was 39.88% among the male and 33.41% among the female. The health literacy of infection disease prevention and control was the highest in age group of 15-24 years, accounting for 47.27%, and the lowest in age group of 55-64 years, accounting for 25.60%. As the educational level increases, the health literacy of infection disease prevention and control also increases. Multivariate analysis showed that residence place, age and educational level were the major influencing factors associated with health literacy of infection disease prevention andcontrol. ConclusionsThe overall heath literacy of infection disease prevention and control among permanent residents in ShaanxiProvince is relatively low, which needs further improvement. It’s suggested to enhance the inclination of health education policy for the low-literacy population and to perform targeted health education and intervention on the weak link of health literacy of infection disease prevention and control.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:

[作者单位]710016西安,陕西省卫生计生健康教育宣传中心 (吴艳梅、南海涛、铁云丽、郭健)
[通信作者]吴艳梅,E-mail:254514408@qq.com
*Correspondingauthor,E-mail:254514408@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-11-13